Tuesday, September 28, 2010

admitting/denying expressions

Practice the following dialog with your partner!

Two friends are at National Park.

Luna : Look at the Tiger! That’s big one and wild animal, right?

Maya : Oh yeah, it is dangerous animal.

Luna : Tiger is also called big cat.

Maya : How can be?

Luna : It looks like a cat with big size but a cat isn’t dangerous animal.

Maya : Are you sure? A cat also has sharp nails like Tiger, it must be dangerous one! I don’t like cat!

Luna : Not at all! I’ll show you my cat. It’s so cute.

They go to Luna’s house. Luna asks Maya to touch her cat.

Luna : C’mon…touch the fur. It isn’t dangerous, it will not beat you!

Maya : Okay, I’ll try it…Aww! It beats my hand! You said that your cat will not beat me.

Luna : Ups! I didn’t say that.

Maya : You’ve said that. Your cut hurts me.

Luna : Yes, it does. I lied to you.

I’m sorry, dear. I admit now.

My cat doesn’t like stranger. It will beat anyone that is near it.

Perhatikan kalimat yang dicetak tebal dalam dialog diatas. Kalimat tersebut adalah ungkapan- ungkapan yang digunakan untuk mengakui fakta atau kebenaran (admitting fact) dan mengingkari fakta atau kebenaran (denying fact).

Study the admitting/denying expressions below!

Admitting Fact

Denying Fact

I admit it

Yes, I did

Alright, it’s true

I didn’t say that!

Swear! I am not lying!

It isn’t dangerous animal!

PROCEDURE TEXT

1. Ciri Umum:

a. Tujuan Komunikatif Teks (Communicative Purpose):

To describe how something is accomplished throught a sequence of actions or steps (Memberi petunjuk tentang cara melakukan sesuatu melalui serangkaian tindakan atau langkah).

b. Struktur Teks (Generic Structure):

 Goal: tujuan kegiatan

 Materials: bahan-bahan

 Steps: langkah-langkah

c. Ciri Kebahasaan (Linguistic Features): Menggunakan:

 pola kalimat imperative, misalnya, Cut, Don’t mix, dsb.

 action verbs, misalnya turn, put, don’t, mix, dsb.

 connectives untuk mengurutkan kegiatan, misalnya then, while, dsb.

 adverbials untuk menyatakan rinci waktu, tempat, cara yang akurat, misalnya for five minutes, 2 centimetres from the top, dsb. Generic Structure/Text Organization Goal: Biasanya judulnya Materials - Steps (berupa metode)

SUBORDINATE CONJUNCTIONS

Subordinate conjuction menggabungkan unit struktur yang sama secara grammatical, misalnya noun dengan noun, verb dengan verb, adjective dengan adjective, clause dengan clause, membentu suatu Pararel Structure.

Beberapa subordinate conjunction, antara lain:

· Though/although/even though (walaupun),

contoh : Though He was sick, he went to school.

· Because/Since/ As/For (karena),

contoh : Because she got a good mark, she was very happy.

· If/In case/Providing/Provided (jika),

contoh : I will come to the party, if he invites me.

· When/While (ketika), contoh : Kukuh was crying when his girlfriend came.

· Where (dimana), contoh : I don’t know where the place is.

· Before (sebelum), contoh : Before he took a bath, he had a ready had breakfast.

· After (setelah), contoh : After she has breakfast, she goes to school.

Congratulation

Read the following dialogue carefully!

Nia : Hey, Helena. Have you heard that news?

Helena : What’s news, sister? I haven’t heard any news yet.

Nia : You have got that scholarship abroad. Mother asked me to tell you that she has received confirmation letter for your new junior school in Washington DC.

Helena : Great! I never think about it!

Helena : Congratulation dear! We have a special gift for you. Here, you are.

Helena : Wow that is beautiful dress! Thank you so much, sister.

Perhatikan kata yang dicetak miring dalam dialog diatas, kata tersebut dalam bahasa Inggris digunakan untuk memberikan ucapan selamat. Selain ungkapan tersebut, kalian juga dapat menggunakan ungkapa- ungkaoan seprti dibawah ini dalam memebrikan ucapan selamat pada seseorang:

Ø Congratulations!

Ø Congratulations for getting the scholarship!

Let me say congratulation on winning that competition